BLAZETAMER380™ - AERIAL FIRE SUPPRESSANT
Advancements in technology have provided additives to enhance the effectiveness of water for fire suppression.
In addition, foam and long term retardants, water enhancers including gels and the polymeric elastomer like BLAZETAMER380™ represent the future for fire fighting.
When BLAZETAMER380™ is injected into water it binds water molecules together much the same as links in the chain without changing its weight. It is not designed to adhere to vertical fuels, but rather after making contact, it lubricates the surface as it works its way through the canopy to reach ground fuels.
BLAZETAMER380™ is a non-colored liquid concentrate water enhancer, that is non-toxic, non-corrosive and environmentally safe. It is proven harmless to humans, animals and vegetation, complies with Work Health Safety Regulations for firefighters, and is approved for use by state and federal agencies. It is listed on the United States Forest Service Qualified Products List (QPL). BLAZETAMER380™ may be applied as a short term retardant in a Long Term Retardant Exclusion Zones if a land management agency chooses to do so.
BLAZETAMER380™ is an effective and valuable fire suppressant for direct attack of fires during initial or extended attack operations. It can be used in engines, slingable bags, drop tanks, and can be ground-loaded, mixed in dip tanks for helicopters with buckets or used with on-board injection systems in helicopters, SEATs, water-scooping and land-based, multi-engine airtankers.
A combination of several factors allows BLAZETAMER380™ to out-perform other products at the same:
• Coverage Levels
• Drop Characteristics
• Less Evaporative Loss
• Canopy Penetration
• Full Use of Tank Capacities and it provides
• Endothermic Properties.
The result is an increase in line-building production per load.
Drop Characteristics: When BLAZETAMER380™ is aerially delivered the effect of the linear chains of water causes drop characteristics that differ from water, retardant, foam or gels, since drop patterns are denser, less wide and have less drift, as proven in two tests conducted in 2017, a thermal imagery study in Canada and a grid/cup test with 10 Tanker in California.
Less Evaporative Loss: Evaporative loss occurs when a suppressant enters the airstream after leaving the aircraft and again as it moves through the thermal zone above a fire. The amount of loss varies with each suppressant, i.e. up to 35% of water and foam never reaches the intended target. The properties of BLAZETAMER380™ allow a significant increase of product reaching the intended target due to reduced evaporative loss and less drift.
Canopy Penetration: BLAZETAMER380™ penetrates a canopy better than retardant or gels. After a drop, long “strings” of water can be seen hanging from vegetation. These strings absorb thermal energy as they enter the thermal zone above a fire and their viscosity decreases after making initial contact with a canopy. Its ability to penetrate vegetation is similar to foam mixed at low concentrations. If fuels are torching or crowning, a mix ratio of 0.65% may reach and remain effective on ground fuels.
Endothermic Properties: BLAZETAMER380™ has unique fire suppression characteristics that, when applied to fire, rapidly reduces temperature to below the flash point of the fuels. This is most noticeable after it is applied since the reduction in heat causes less combustion and is visible through the reduction in smoke. Although not approved by NFPA for Class B Fires, in field tests. BLAZETAMER380™ has extinguished liquid fuel fires, such as cooking oil, gas and
diesel due to the endothermic properties.
Coverage Levels: Fire suppression aircraft have doors located on the belly of the aircraft, that have been standardized to aid in efficient and effective use of retardant and to promote effective communication between air attack officers and pilots. The amount of suppressant or retardant that is released is expressed with the term “Coverage Level”.
Coverage Level is defined as the amount of suppressant that is dropped on an area that is 10’ x 10’ (100 square feet).Pilots fighting fire in a grassy fuel type would likely use Coverage Level 2, (2 gallons/100 sq’), while a type that has a canopy of trees would likely receive Coverage Level 6 or 8. Production tables are available to estimate the amount of line that is treated with various tank sizes and coverage levels, assuming standard drop heights and airspeed.
The following example is used for illustration purposes:
While a Coverage Level 4 may be appropriate for fires in a brush fuel type, a load of BLAZETAMER380™ at Coverage Level 2 may have the same effect on fires. This advantage increases line production by 21⁄2 times
Mix Ratios: For some agencies, adjustments can also be made in the mix ratio. Standard mix ratios of 0.1%-0.2% in engines, 0.2%-0.32% in helicopters and 0.32%-0.4% in SEATs may be increased to meet specific fuel type and suppression needs. A mix ratio of up to 0.65% may be used in any fire suppression aircraft for fires that are torching or crowning.